West Indian primates have at times been divided into as
many as two families, five genera, and five species. More recent reviews point to a single
radiation of three monotypic genera in a single endemic family, the
endemic genus is thus recognized on each of the islands of Cuba,
Hispaniola, and Jamaica.
Whether the absence of an endemic primate on Puerto Rico is real or an artifact of the
scarce fossil record of these animals is as yet unknown. All living primates in the
West Indies are Old World introductions of the modern